Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) | 10 Revolutionaries that Shook the World

Simon Bolivar (1783-1830)

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Known in Latin America as 'El Libertador', the Liberator, Bolivar successfully led several Latin American countries (Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) to independence from the Spanish monarchy. After battling the Spanish forces on the continent, he served as president for a federation of Latin American countries called ‘La Gran Colombia’; a union of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, northern Peru, western Guyana and northwest Brazil. The young republic encountered serious difficulties in its infancy, which led Bolivar to proclaim himself Dictator to save the republic. After much dissatisfaction and anger from supporters and opponents alike and an assassination attempt, he resigned his office and prepared for exile in Europe when he died of tuberculosis in 1830.

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